Rice is the staple food of more than half of the world’s population today and India is the second largest producer of rice in the world. The genesis of rice production in India can be traced back to the Green Revolution which was started because of acute shortage of food grains in the country and mass malnutrition.  After the green revolution in the 1960s, rice constitutes more than 40% of India’s total food grains production and has saved millions of lives by exponentially increasing yields and contributing to the hunger & malnutrition problem prevalent in the country post-independence.


Green Revolution MS Swaminathan

Father of Green Revolution, Indian geneticist, MS Swaminathan

Check out some interesting facts about rice production in India:

  • India is the largest producer of Basmati Rice. It accounts for more than 50% of its output in the global Basmati Rice market.
  • India’s rice production reached to an estimated record high of 117.47 million tonnes in 2019-2020 crop year.
  • India has the largest area under rice cultivation, 43.86 million hectares, as it is one of the principal food crops of the country.
  • The earliest remains of the grain in the Indian subcontinent have been found in the Indo-Gangetic Plain and date from 7000–6000 BC.
  • The earliest accepted date for cultivated rice is placed at around 3000–2500 BC with findings in regions belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization.

Over the years, India’s rice industry has also undergone a massive overhaul with the branded rice segment showing a roaring growth in the last decade or so, especially in the domestic market and in the export segment. Nearly 10 percent of the country’s rice production is exported today, and India owns about 25 percent of total global rice trade. With so many different varieties, rice lends itself to a limitless number of recipes. Each type of rice has its own taste, texture, and unique properties. This guide discusses the types of rice grown in India.

rice variety india